Compliance with the Philippine Competition Act: What Businesses Need to Know

The Philippine Competition Act (PCA), enacted in 2015, aims to promote and protect competition in the marketplace, foster consumer welfare, and prevent anti-competitive practices that may harm competition, consumers, and the economy. Compliance with the PCA is essential for businesses operating in the Philippines to ensure fair competition, avoid legal liabilities, and contribute to a level playing field. In this blog post, we’ll discuss key provisions of the Philippine Competition Act and what businesses need to know to comply with its requirements.

Key Provisions of the Philippine Competition Act:
The Philippine Competition Act contains provisions that address various aspects of competition law, including:

  1. Prohibition of Anti-Competitive Agreements: The PCA prohibits agreements, decisions, or concerted practices among competitors that have the purpose or effect of substantially preventing, restricting, or distorting competition in the relevant market. Examples of anti-competitive agreements include price-fixing, bid-rigging, market allocation, and output restriction.

  2. Prohibition of Abuse of Dominant Position: The PCA prohibits dominant firms from engaging in abusive conduct that harms competition, such as imposing unfair prices or terms, engaging in discriminatory practices, or leveraging their market power to exclude competitors.

  3. Merger Control: The PCA requires businesses to notify the Philippine Competition Commission (PCC) of mergers, acquisitions, or consolidations that meet certain thresholds and may substantially lessen competition in the relevant market. The PCC evaluates mergers and acquisitions to ensure they do not result in anti-competitive effects.

  4. Enforcement and Penalties: The PCA empowers the Philippine Competition Commission (PCC) to investigate complaints, conduct market studies, and impose sanctions on violators of competition law. Penalties for anti-competitive conduct may include fines, divestiture orders, cease and desist orders, and disgorgement of profits.

Compliance Tips for Businesses:
To comply with the Philippine Competition Act, businesses should consider the following tips:

  1. Understand and Educate Employees: Businesses should familiarize themselves with the provisions of the PCA and educate employees, particularly those involved in sales, marketing, and procurement, about competition law principles, including prohibited practices and compliance requirements.

  2. Implement Compliance Programs: Businesses should establish and implement competition compliance programs that include policies, procedures, and training programs to prevent, detect, and address anti-competitive conduct. Compliance programs may include measures such as regular compliance training, internal audits, and monitoring mechanisms.

  3. Conduct Competition Risk Assessments: Businesses should conduct periodic risk assessments to identify and assess potential competition law risks and vulnerabilities in their business operations, contracts, and relationships with competitors, suppliers, and customers.

  4. Seek Legal Advice: Businesses should seek legal advice from competition law experts or legal counsel experienced in Philippine competition law to assess their compliance status, address potential issues, and mitigate legal risks.

  5. Cooperate with Authorities: Businesses should cooperate fully with investigations conducted by the Philippine Competition Commission (PCC) and provide relevant information and documents as required. Cooperation with authorities may result in leniency or immunity from prosecution for companies that report anti-competitive conduct and assist in investigations.


Compliance with the Philippine Competition Act is essential for businesses to promote fair competition, protect consumers, and avoid legal liabilities. By understanding the key provisions of the PCA, implementing compliance programs, conducting risk assessments, seeking legal advice, and cooperating with authorities, businesses can demonstrate their commitment to competition law compliance and contribute to a competitive and dynamic business environment in the Philippines. With proactive compliance efforts, businesses can mitigate legal risks, build trust with stakeholders, and thrive in a competitive marketplace.

Navigating the business landscape in the Philippines can be both rewarding and intricate. Whether you’re embarking on a new venture or scaling up, ensuring that your corporate endeavors are in line with local regulations is paramount.

At CBOS Business Solutions Inc., we pride ourselves on simplifying these processes for our clients. As a seasoned professional services company, we offer comprehensive assistance with SEC Registration, Visa processing, and a myriad of other essential business requirements. Our team of experts is dedicated to ensuring that your business is compliant, well-established, and ready to thrive in the Philippine market.

Why venture into the complexities of business registration and compliance alone? Allow our team to guide you every step of the way. After all, your success is our commitment.

Get in touch today and let us be your partner in achieving your business goals in the Philippines.

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