The Legal Process of Converting a Sole Proprietorship to a Corporation

Converting a sole proprietorship into a corporation can provide several advantages, such as limited liability, greater access to capital, and perpetual succession. The process involves several legal steps and requirements that must be followed to ensure compliance with Philippine laws. Here’s a detailed guide on how to convert a sole proprietorship into a corporation in the Philippines.

1. Preparation and Planning

1.1 Evaluate the Benefits and Implications

  • Benefits: Limited liability, access to capital, enhanced credibility, perpetual succession.
  • Implications: More regulatory requirements, higher costs, and complex management structure.

1.2 Consult with Professionals

  • Legal Advisor: To guide through the legal requirements and implications.
  • Accountant: To assist with financial planning and tax implications.

2. Securing Necessary Documents

2.1 Business Registration Documents

  • DTI Certificate: Cancellation of the existing business name registration from the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).

2.2 Financial Statements

  • Latest audited financial statements of the sole proprietorship.

2.3 Transfer Documents

  • Deeds of Assignment: Assign all assets, liabilities, and properties of the sole proprietorship to the new corporation.

3. Incorporation Process

3.1 Name Reservation

  • Step: Reserve a corporate name with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
  • Process: Use the SEC’s online Name Reservation and Verification System to check the availability and reserve the desired corporate name.

3.2 Drafting Incorporation Documents

  • Articles of Incorporation: Includes the company name, purpose, principal office address, incorporators, directors, capital structure, and other details.
  • By-Laws: Internal rules and regulations governing the corporation’s operations.

3.3 Incorporators and Directors

  • Minimum of 2 and a maximum of 15 incorporators.
  • Each incorporator must own at least one share of stock.

3.4 Capital Requirements

  • Minimum Capital Stock: Typically PHP 5,000, unless otherwise specified for specific industries or requirements.
  • Subscription and Payment: At least 25% of the authorized capital stock must be subscribed, and at least 25% of the subscribed capital must be paid up.

3.5 Filing with the SEC

  • Step: File the Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws with the SEC.
  • Documents Needed:
    • Articles of Incorporation
    • By-Laws
    • Treasurer’s Affidavit
    • Deeds of Assignment
    • Proof of Paid-Up Capital
    • Name Reservation Slip
  • Fees: Pay the necessary filing fees.

3.6 Issuance of SEC Certificate of Incorporation

  • Upon approval, the SEC will issue the Certificate of Incorporation, officially recognizing the new corporation.

4. Post-Incorporation Requirements

4.1 BIR Registration

  • Step: Register the new corporation with the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) for tax purposes.
  • Documents Needed:
    • SEC Certificate of Incorporation
    • Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws
    • BIR Form 1903 (Application for Registration)
    • Proof of Address
    • Tax Identification Number (TIN)
  • Process: Obtain a new TIN, register books of accounts, and secure authority to print receipts and invoices.

4.2 Local Government Unit (LGU) Permits

  • Step: Secure the necessary local permits and licenses from the city or municipal hall.
  • Documents Needed:
    • Barangay Clearance
    • Mayor’s Permit/Business Permit
    • Occupancy Permit
    • Sanitary Permit
    • Fire Safety Inspection Certificate

4.3 Social Security System (SSS), PhilHealth, and Pag-IBIG Fund Registration

  • Step: Register the new corporation as an employer with the SSS, PhilHealth, and Pag-IBIG Fund.
  • Documents Needed:
    • SEC Certificate of Incorporation
    • BIR Certificate of Registration
    • Mayor’s Permit
    • Employment Records

5. Transferring Assets and Liabilities

5.1 Asset Transfer

  • Deeds of Assignment: Execute deeds of assignment to transfer assets from the sole proprietorship to the corporation.
  • Property Transfer: Update property titles and other asset registrations to reflect the corporation as the new owner.

5.2 Liability Transfer

  • Notification to Creditors: Notify creditors of the conversion and transfer of liabilities to the new corporation.
  • Updating Contracts: Amend existing contracts to reflect the new corporate entity as the party to the agreements.

6. Updating Records and Notifications

6.1 Updating Business Records

  • Update all business records, stationary, business cards, and marketing materials to reflect the new corporate name and structure.

6.2 Notification to Stakeholders

  • Inform customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders about the change in business structure and provide new contact information as necessary.

Best Practices for Conversion

  1. Maintain Clear Records

    • Keep detailed records of all documents, filings, and correspondences throughout the conversion process.
  2. Ensure Continuous Operations

    • Plan the conversion process to minimize disruptions to business operations.
  3. Seek Professional Assistance

    • Engage legal, accounting, and business professionals to ensure compliance and smooth transition.
  4. Communicate Transparently

    • Maintain open communication with employees, customers, and other stakeholders about the transition to ensure their understanding and support.


Converting a sole proprietorship to a corporation involves several legal steps and considerations. By following the outlined process and adhering to best practices, businesses can successfully transition to a corporate structure, enabling growth and long-term success.

Navigating the business landscape in the Philippines can be both rewarding and intricate. Whether you’re embarking on a new venture or scaling up, ensuring that your corporate endeavors are in line with local regulations is paramount.

At CBOS Business Solutions Inc., we pride ourselves on simplifying these processes for our clients. As a seasoned professional services company, we offer comprehensive assistance with SEC Registration, Visa processing, and a myriad of other essential business requirements. Our team of experts is dedicated to ensuring that your business is compliant, well-established, and ready to thrive in the Philippine market.

Why venture into the complexities of business registration and compliance alone? Allow our team to guide you every step of the way. After all, your success is our commitment.

Get in touch today and let us be your partner in achieving your business goals in the Philippines.

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Mobile No.: +639270032851

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