Understanding Corporate Seal Requirements in the Philippines

What is a Corporate Seal?

A corporate seal, also known as a company seal, is a tool used to emboss or stamp documents to signify that the document is officially approved by the board of directors of the company. Historically, it served as a symbol of authenticity and authority, though its practical necessity has evolved over time with changes in legal requirements and business practices.

Legal Basis and Requirements

Under Philippine law, the use of a corporate seal is not explicitly required for the execution of all corporate documents. The Corporation Code of the Philippines does not mandate the use of a seal for a corporation to conduct its business or for its documents to be considered valid. However, the Articles of Incorporation may include provisions regarding a corporate seal, making its use a part of the company’s internal rules.

When is a Corporate Seal Used?

  1. Important Documents: While not legally mandated, some corporations choose to use the seal on significant documents such as share certificates, loan agreements, land titles transfer documents, and contracts involving substantial amounts or long-term commitments.
  2. International Transactions: For businesses engaged in international trade or transactions, a corporate seal may be required by foreign entities to authenticate documents, depending on the jurisdiction’s legal requirements.
  3. Banking Transactions: Some banks and financial institutions may require documents to be sealed, especially for opening corporate accounts, loan applications, and other significant financial undertakings.

Design and Custody

  • Design: The design of a corporate seal typically includes the company’s name, incorporation date, and sometimes the corporate registration number. Customization reflects the corporation’s identity.
  • Custody: The custody of the corporate seal is usually assigned to a corporate officer, such as the corporate secretary, who is responsible for its use and safekeeping.

Best Practices

  1. Board Resolution: For documents requiring a corporate seal, ensure there is a board resolution or authorization that supports its use, enhancing the document’s validity.
  2. Documentation: Maintain records of when and why the seal was used, including copies of the sealed documents, to ensure transparency and accountability.
  3. Policy on Use: Develop a clear internal policy regarding the use of the corporate seal, including who is authorized to use it and under what circumstances.

Modern Considerations

With advancements in technology and changes in commercial practices, the significance of the corporate seal has diminished. Electronic documents and digital signatures are becoming more accepted, reducing the reliance on physical seals for authenticity. However, understanding its traditional importance and potential legal implications remains valuable for certain transactions and international dealings.


While the corporate seal is not a ubiquitous requirement in the Philippines, its use in specific contexts underscores the formality and solemnity of certain corporate actions. Businesses should evaluate their need for a corporate seal based on their Articles of Incorporation, industry practices, and the nature of their transactions. Consulting with a legal professional can provide tailored advice on incorporating a corporate seal into your business operations, ensuring compliance and upholding the integrity of your corporate documents.

Navigating the business landscape in the Philippines can be both rewarding and intricate. Whether you’re embarking on a new venture or scaling up, ensuring that your corporate endeavors are in line with local regulations is paramount.

At CBOS Business Solutions Inc., we pride ourselves on simplifying these processes for our clients. As a seasoned professional services company, we offer comprehensive assistance with SEC Registration, Visa processing, and a myriad of other essential business requirements. Our team of experts is dedicated to ensuring that your business is compliant, well-established, and ready to thrive in the Philippine market.

Why venture into the complexities of business registration and compliance alone? Allow our team to guide you every step of the way. After all, your success is our commitment.

Get in touch today and let us be your partner in achieving your business goals in the Philippines.

Email Address: gerald.bernardo@cbos.com.ph

Mobile No.: +639270032851

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